Across the country are a handful of parties that are currently not aligned with either the UPA or the NDA.
Uttar Pradesh, India’s most populous state and which accounts for the largest number of lawmakers in the Lok Sabha with 80 seats, is being watched closely.
Two former chief ministers, rivals Akhilesh Yadav and his Samajwadi Party and Mayawati‘s Bahujan Samaj Party have joined hands with another opponent, the Rashtriya Lok Dal, led by Ajit Singh, to form a “grand alliance” in the state.
While it doesn’t include the Congress, it could sway towards a UPA coalition.
In the eastern state of West Bengal, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee’s All India Trinamool Congress currently holds 33 out of 42 parliamentary seats, making it the fourth largest party in the Lok Sabha.
Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Chandrababu Naidu’s Telugu Desam Party contested the 2018 assembly elections as part of the Congress-led grand alliance in the southern state of Telangana.
Though the alliance failed to come together again for elections in neighboring Andhra Pradesh last month.
Over the past year, Naidu has a series of meetings with leaders of various parties to forge a non-BJP alliance.
Another possible game changer is Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik’s Biju Janata Dal in eastern Odisha state, which is likely to make its decision after the results.
There’s also the Communist Party of India (Marxist) and the Aam Aadmi Party, which governs New Delhi. Rumors of alliances with the Congress have been rife along with reports of hiccups. Again, it is likely that only after the results are announced that negotiation will take place and compromises made over a possible alliance.
Want to know more about the breakdown of parties and their seats? Read more here.